Dog Care: Grooming

Waiting for a bath

The following equipment can be required:
Toothbrush and toothpaste
Cotton wool buds
Thornit powder
Metal handle very wide teeth comb (small)
Oster grooming comb with handle Great for removing tangles and dead coat. Rounded teeth prevent
irritation These are solid steel combs are strong, durable and easy to disinfect.
Metal forceps. Serrated jaws with lock.
Nail clippers


It is necessary to accustom your Bolognese to the grooming routine when still a puppy. A young dog that
becomes accustomed to the caring hands of a human will remain easy to handle and willing throughout his life.
Who would want every grooming session with their dog not to be a struggle, even if the dog is small. Put your
Bolognese onto a grooming surface, preferably a grooming table and give him the command “stand”. A dog
that is nervous on the grooming table sits down over and over again, fidgets about continuously or simply does
not do what he is supposed to do is no fun to groom. You need calm and obedient behaviour from your
Bolognese during grooming sessions. You have to be careful to prevent your dog from jumping or falling of the
table as it would be easy to injure from such a fall. If grooming is done regularly your dog learns to accept
grooming and will relax and go to sleep and it becomes a pleasure for both of you.

Care Of The Ears

In order to keep the ears clean and prevent inflammation, you must pluck the hair growing inside the ears at
regular intervals. This aids in preventing the ears from being clogged up with wax. Cleaning the ears must
never be attempted with cotton swabs since this may actually push dirt deeper into the auditory canal. Pet shops
and vets offer liquid ear cleaning solutions, which can be applied by putting a few drops into the ear and
massaging the ear so that the deposits of ear wax and dirt are loosened. The outer part of the ear is then
carefully wiped clean with cotton wool. If your Bolognese shakes his head frequently or scratches at his ears you
should take him to the vet. When the cleaning regime of the ears is complete, to prevent your dog getting ear
mites “Thornet - Canker Powder” can be put in both ears using a cotton wool bud.

Care Of The Teeth

Some maintenance is required in order to keep the teeth healthy. Deposits of calcium salts contained in the
saliva, in conjunction with food particles may show as brown deposits at the bases of the teeth, commonly
known as “tartar”. This appears to be particularly common in young as well as older dogs. Bleeding and
inflamed gums can lead to tooth loss and bad breath. Regular brushing of the teeth is important and
toothbrushes and toothpaste for dogs are readily available. Resistant tartar can only be removed by a vet who
will use ultra-sonic technology.

After The Bath

Dolly now finished and ready to have her photograph taken in the garden. She was very cooperative throughout
the whole procedure as was my son Gareth took all the photographs in this presentation folder

Matting and Tangles

The Bolognese needs to be thoroughly combed and brushed before bathing. Regular brushing and combing are
necessary to prevent the coat from matting. Matts and tangles may form very quickly if left unattended for just a
few days, they will be impossible to eliminate with simple combing or brushing. Removing matts is very painful
for the dog, and the torn out hair will hardly grow back. Regular care is therefore more preferable. If matts do
form, scissors are not necessarily the only option. The affected patches of coat can be soaked with a
conditioning lotion and the matts/knots carefully plucked apart with your fingers. Care has to be taken to reach
all parts of the body in order to prevent matts/knots from forming and spoiling the coat. Comb through with a
metal comb specifically designed for matt prevention by working in layers from the belly upwards, first on one
side and then the other. Then comb the tail from the tip to the tail. Combing is done from the tips of the hair to
the body, otherwise too much of the precious covering coat will be lost and your Bolognese will look like a
plucked chicken. Once the work on the body has been completed the dog is made to sit facing you so you can
attend to the beard and head. Extra care must be taken around the eyes

Care Of The Feet

The length of your Bolognese’s toe nails should be checked on a regular basis. Since your Bolognese is light on
his feet, his nails are not worn down to a proper length through walking. As a rule the nails should be level with
the outline of the paw. They must never be clipped right from the front, but rather from beneath towards the
pad. In the case of light coloured nails, it is relatively easy to determine where the “quick” (the vein that runs
through each nail) ends, but this is not so obvious in the case of dark coloured nails. Clipping dark nails
requires a very careful approach to avoid cutting into the quick which would be very painful to the dog and
result in bleeding. Just in case, you should have some “Trimmex” which stops the bleeding. If you are worried
about using nail clippers you could use a file or electric nail grinder. The fifth claw (dew claw) on the forefeet
must not be overlooked; if neglected it might eventually grow inward and cut into the leg. If the dog has very
brittle, hard nails, trim the nails after a bath. Trim with care all the hair between the pads.

Bath Time

Despite his white coat, bathing your Bolognese is actually only necessary if he is very dirty or in preparation for
a show. Bathing too frequently can have negative effects on the skin and the coat, removing natural oils and
causing dryness. Most dogs don’t naturally enjoy their bath but you at least want yours to cooperate with you.
Before bathing the dog, have the items you’ll need within reach so you don’t have to leave the dog unattended.
First decide where you will bath the dog. Care should be taken that the surfaces are non-slip.
Wet the coat thoroughly using a shower spray, a hose or a jug. Dilute the shampoo using only shampoo
designed for dogs. Human shampoos are too harsh for dog coats and will dry them out. Begin bathing by
wetting the coat all the way down to the skin. Massage in the shampoo, keeping it away from his face and eyes.
Rinse him thoroughly, again avoiding the eyes and ears, as you don’t want to get water in the ear canals. A
thorough rinsing is important as shampoo residue is drying and itchy to the dogs. After rinsing, wrap him in a
towel to absorb the initial moisture. A high quality hair dryer with temperature control helps to prevent the hair
from breaking and splitting. Use a warm setting.

Tear Staining

Tear staining is not specific to the Bolognese breed. It occurs in most breeds. However because the Bolognese
are white dogs the staining is much more easily noticeable.
There are medical causes of tear staining but when these are ruled out then we have to deal with the staining as
best we can.
Many vets, once any medical causes are ruled out, in my experience are equally at a loss as too the real cause.
I have found that when a Bolognese has tear stains it is much worse after they have been outside. The stains
darken when exposed to sunlight.

There are many things written about tear stains and also there are hundreds of products on the market for such
stains. I have not come across one particular product that clears the staining. I can only write and say how I
manage tear staining. For seven years I have been relatively stain free but two of my Bolognese did start with
staining early summer. It took me around 3 months to get the two of them stain free

Most Important

After returning from a walk with your dog, ensure you wash his paws. We use Warren London Paw sani-scrub
which is Antimicrobial. Incidentally this can be used to sanitise the rectal area after bowel movement. You can
also use a mild shampoo or cooled boil water. Then pat dry with a clean towel.

All towels and flannels put in the tub on 90 degree wash or use a detergent that kills bacteria on a cooler
Clean dogs’ beds regularly. I wash the bedding on 40 degree but apart from using detergent I put a drop of
Dog Disinfectant by Cromessol into the washer. This ensures all bacteria are eliminated as it includes a powerful
bactericide. All combs, brushes, etc. should be washed in an approved pet disinfectant. Also, bathe your
Bolognese at least every two weeks.
All of this information and more can be found from the British Bolognese Club.
Beauchasseur Bichon-Bolognese
A sister company of "Beauchasseur Golden-Retrievers"
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